Psoriatic arthritis symptoms can remain mild or may progress to more severe cases. Psoriatic arthritis is a kind of inflammatory arthritis associated with inflammation of the skin and joints. It usually affects people between 30 and 50 years old although it can still affect younger people. This kind of arthritis features irregular, raised, red areas of skin inflammation with scaling. It usually affects the tips of elbows and knees, the navel, the scalp, around the genital parts or anus. However, it can also cause inflammation of body tissues which are away from joints such as eyes, heart, lungs and kidneys.
The main cause of Psoriatic arthritis is unknown although there are several risk factors that are believed to be genetic, immunological and environmental factors. Other factors are related to family history, age and gender. It is believed that men are more likely to suffer from this disease than women. Also men above the age of 30 years are more likely to get psoriasis than younger men. Genetically, if someone has a close relative or a family member who suffers from this kind of arthritis, there is a risk that he or she can suffer from Psoriatic arthritis.
The following are some of the general signs and symptoms of Psoriatic Arthritis –
– Lower back pain or buttocks pain.
– Swelling of fingers and toes.
– Pain and swelling of Wrist, knees, and ankles.
– Pitting of toenails and fingernails.
– Stiffness of joints especially in the morning.
– Inflammation of tendons.
Asymmetric type, which usually affects a few joints of the farthest points such as toes and fingers. Other symptoms include: red and warm joints to the touch, swelling of the right ankle, knee, hip and shoulder. It usually affect people of 30to 50 years age bracket.
Symmetric type evolves from asymmetric psoriatic arthritis. Symptoms include: pain and swelling in joints, joint swelling tends to occur in pairs on both sides of the body, joint deformity, and usually affects toes and fingers.
Distal interphalangeal usually affects joints that close to nails of toes and fingers. It causes pitting, splitting and degeneration of the nail.
Spondylitis type causes inflammation of the spine and it is very serious since it can cause changes in posture and deformity. Its symptoms include inflammation, tenderness, stiffness in the back and neck joints, and inflammation swelling of fingers and toes
Arthritis mutilans is very rare although it is very severe since it can destroy a bone and cartilage in a joint. Symptoms include: deformation of hand and foot joints, tends to come and go in a series of flares, and flares in the skin.
A person may suffer from more than one type of psoriatic arthritis during the cause of their disease and can also show signs of several types at once, therefore, making recognition of a specific type very hard.
Psoriatic arthritis symptoms can sometimes be similar to other types of arthritis like the rheumatoid arthritis, therefore, you should seek medical attention before the symptoms become more severe.